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Solomon Islands, Land and Population

Melanesians, principal port, low literacy rates, high birth rate, Guadalcanal

Solomon Islands is a mountainous country; the highest peak, Mount Popomanaseu on Guadalcanal, rises to an elevation of 2,331 m (7,648 ft). The mountains are of volcanic origin. The climate of Solomon Islands is hot and humid. The population (2002 estimate) is 494,786. The capital and principal port is Honiara (population, 1990 estimate, 35,288), on Guadalcanal. Melanesians make up 93 percent of the population, with a small minority of Polynesians. Solomon Islands has a high birth rate, which has resulted in low literacy rates and a high level of unemployment. English is the official language, although Pidgin is more widely spoken; some 80 local languages are also used.



Article key phrases:

Melanesians, principal port, low literacy rates, high birth rate, Guadalcanal, Pidgin, Honiara, highest peak, local languages, official language, elevation, mountains, population, capital, percent, estimate, English

 
 

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