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Land and Resources, Natural Resources

fluorspar, Yucatan Peninsula, molybdenum, tropical regions, gypsum

Most of Mexico’s natural resources are below the soil. The country’s semiarid climate, its lack of rainfall, and its limited amounts of fertile land have made large-scale agriculture difficult. Only about 13 percent of Mexico’s land is cultivated. Approximately one-fourth of the nation is covered by forests, giving Mexico some of the world’s largest remaining forest reserves, despite the high levels of deforestation. Most of these forests are found in the Sierra Madre ranges, and in the rainy, tropical regions of the Yucatan Peninsula and the Chiapas Highlands. Mexico has large deposits of silver, copper, salt, fluorspar, iron, manganese, sulfur, phosphate, zinc, tungsten, molybdenum, mercury, gold, and gypsum. Petroleum is the country’s single most valuable mineral resource. Most of the major reserves have been discovered along the Gulf Coast, either inland, or in the Gulf of Mexico.

Article key phrases:

fluorspar, Yucatan Peninsula, molybdenum, tropical regions, gypsum, phosphate, tungsten, sulfur, manganese, Gulf of Mexico, Gulf Coast, mercury, forests, zinc, salt, copper, iron, Petroleum, soil, gold


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