History, The Restored Republic
Sebastian Lerdo, Juarez president, Porfiriato, Mexican constitution, long rule
Although Benito Juarez now faced some opposition from other liberals who opposed his efforts to alter the Mexican constitution, he won the presidential elections of December 1867. In the struggle to put down chronic political and social violence in the aftermath of the French intervention, Juarez sought to draw liberals and conservatives together in some sort of political consensus. He also suspended some constitutional guarantees and worked to strengthen the presidency, which prompted critics to accuse him of running a dictatorship.
Juarez’s decision to run for a fourth term in 1872 split his followers. After an indecisive election in 1871, the congress of Mexico declared Juarez president. Diaz, who had been defeated in the election, led an unsuccessful insurrection. Juarez died in office in 1872 and was succeeded by Sebastian Lerdo de Tejada, head of the Mexican supreme court. In 1876, when Lerdo de Tejada sought reelection, Diaz led another revolt. Successful this time, he became president in 1877.
Diaz used his first term to consolidate his position and then stepped aside for a personally selected successor, General Manuel Gonzalez. In 1884 Diaz once again became president. He would remain in office until 1911 and his long rule would become known as the Porfiriato.
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