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Land and Resources, Plant and Animal Life

Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan, acacias, sea cow, hardy shrubs, dugong

The soil of the UAE is almost entirely sandy, and less than 1 percent of the land area is suited to cultivation. Palm, acacia, and tamarisk trees grow naturally in the oases and along the coast, and hardy shrubs and grasses survive in the desert. Irrigation around the major oases and cities supports the growth of eucalyptus trees, decorative plants such as bougainvillea, and fruits and vegetables. Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan al-Nuhayyan, the ruler of Abu Dhabi and the president of the UAE, has sponsored a massive forestation scheme designed to reduce soil erosion, protect crops from wind damage, and beautify cities. Since 1966 more than 70 million acacias, eucalyptus trees, and palm trees have been planted on more than 300,000 hectares (700,000 acres), in the desert as well as throughout the cities of Al ĎAyn and Abu Dhabi. In addition to livestock, such as camel, sheep, and some cattle, the UAE has numerous birds, including trained falcons for hunting. The desert oryx and gazelle, as well as other wildlife previously hunted almost to extinction, have been preserved due to recent conservation efforts. The waters of the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman contain a variety of fish and crustaceans. The dugong, or sea cow, is also found along the UAE coast.



Article key phrases:

Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan, acacias, sea cow, hardy shrubs, dugong, Gulf of Oman, decorative plants, ruler of Abu Dhabi, bougainvillea, Ayn, gazelle, soil erosion, crustaceans, extinction, Persian Gulf, wind damage, palm trees, hectares, cultivation, grasses, sheep, cattle, Irrigation, livestock, fruits, waters, land area, crops, wildlife, acres, vegetables, hunting, percent, president, addition

 
 

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