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United Arab Emirates, History

Achaemenid Empire, Persian empires, Arabian Peninsula, prophet Muhammad, millennium bc

Recent archaeological research indicates the presence of an advanced trading culture in the early 3rd millennium bc in what is now the UAE. The small trading states that emerged along the Persian Gulf coast were later overwhelmed by Persian empires—the Achaemenid Empire from the 6th to the 4th centuries bc and the Sassanian Empire from the 3rd to the 7th centuries ad. These empires took over and controlled the extensive maritime trade that the small states had already carried as far as China. In the early centuries ad Arab tribes flocked to the region, first along the southern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, then from the north, helping to make it receptive to the religion of Islam before the death of the prophet Muhammad in 632.

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Article key phrases:

Achaemenid Empire, Persian empires, Arabian Peninsula, prophet Muhammad, millennium bc, small states, religion of Islam, southern coast, death, UAE, China, presence, region

 
 

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