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Turkey, Population

ancient Hittites, Phrygians, individual identity, Assyrians, Persians

The territory of Turkey has been home to ethnically and culturally distinct groups from the ancient Hittites, Phrygians, and Assyrians to Greeks, Persians, Romans, and Arabs. The nomadic forebears of the modern Turks came out of Central Asia in the 11th century ad, conquered Arab and Byzantine empires, and set themselves up as rulers. Their arrival placed the distinctive stamp of Turkish language and culture on the population they found there, and it was the instrument by which Islam replaced Christianity in this territory. More than 20 percent of the population in the early 1990s, however, belonged to various ethnic groups that continue to maintain their individual identity, particularly the Kurds, Greeks, Arabs, Armenians, and Jews.

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Article key phrases:

ancient Hittites, Phrygians, individual identity, Assyrians, Persians, Romans, Greeks, Arabs, Jews, Islam, Kurds, Christianity, Central Asia, population, arrival, century ad, percent, instrument, culture, Armenians

 
 

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