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History, Era of Modern Reform

Eastern Question, Bulgars, rise of nationalism, Albanians, Serbs

During the 19th century, the continuous danger of foreign conquest was aggravated by the rise of nationalism. One after another, the non-Turkish peoples of the empire sought and obtained independence. Greece was the first country to do so, gaining autonomy in 1829 and independence in 1830. This was followed by revolts of the Serbs, Bulgars, and Albanians, as well as of the Armenians of eastern Anatolia. Ottoman survival was due less to the empire’s own strength than to European disagreement over how to divide the spoils—a part of history often referred to as the Eastern Question.

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Article key phrases:

Eastern Question, Bulgars, rise of nationalism, Albanians, Serbs, revolts, spoils, autonomy, independence, Greece, century, strength, country, history

 
 

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