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History, Romans and Byzantines

Sidonians, Baalbek, Eastern Roman Empire, silk industry, silkworms

In 64 bc the Romans began an imperial rule over the area that continued under the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire) for 573 years. Under Rome, Phoenicians prospered again as they rebuilt fleets and made great cultural progress. The Sidonians grew wealthy with their invention of blown glass. The Romans greatly influenced the regional culture, as evidenced by the majestic ruins of Roman temples in Lebanon, particularly in Baalbek. The school of law in Beirut became famous while the region was under Roman rule, and the Semitic Phoenician language yielded to the regionally spoken Semitic Aramaic, introducing new elements to Phoenician culture. Under the Orthodox Byzantines, Christianity became deeply rooted. In the 6th century ad monks introduced silkworms from China, and a silk industry developed that brought wealth for centuries. Around the same time, earthquakes destroyed Beirut and its law school and badly damaged the great temples in Baalbek.



Article key phrases:

Sidonians, Baalbek, Eastern Roman Empire, silk industry, silkworms, new elements, imperial rule, Byzantine Empire, Phoenicians, Romans, school of law, earthquakes, law school, invention, Beirut, Christianity, Lebanon, fleets, bc, wealth, China, area, years

 
 

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