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People and Society, Health and Welfare

endemic diseases, Persian Gulf War, social security law, infant mortality rate, average life expectancy

Health standards in Iraq are low because of poor sanitary conditions and many endemic diseases. In 2001 the average life expectancy at birth was 74 years; the infant mortality rate was estimated at 58 per 1,000 live births in 2002. Iraq has 1 physician for every 2,091 people and 1 hospital bed for every 690 people. Most of the medical facilities are controlled by the central government. Working conditions are regulated by a social security law that was introduced in 1957, which also provides maternity, disability, old-age, and unemployment insurance. Sanctions imposed against Iraq have resulted in falling health standards since the Persian Gulf War.



Article key phrases:

endemic diseases, Persian Gulf War, social security law, infant mortality rate, average life expectancy, unemployment insurance, live births, Sanctions, Health standards, hospital bed, central government, maternity, Iraq, medical facilities, disability, physician, people, old-age, years

 
 

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