Draft laws, Baath Party, national legislature, electoral commission, RCC
From 1958 to 1980 Iraq had no national legislature. In 1980 a National Assembly was established. It is made up of 250 members popularly elected to four-year terms. A candidate for the National Assembly must demonstrate “loyalty to the principles of the Baath (1968) revolution”—meaning, the goals of the Baath Party—to an electoral commission.
The legislature’s main task is to ratify or reject legislation proposed by the RCC. Except in a few minor cases, however, the National Assembly is a mere rubber stamp. Draft laws suggested by the National Assembly must be approved by the RCC before they become laws, and the RCC can enact ordinances that have the force of law. Nevertheless, the National Assembly creates a semblance of democratic procedures.
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