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Land and Resources, Coastline

chalk cliffs, White Cliffs of Dover, isle of Anglesey, best scenery, Hebrides

Great Britainís coastline is highly irregular, with many bays and inlets that provide harbors and shelters for ships and boats. Coastal trade involving ships sailing along the coast has been carried on since ancient times. The coastline is about 8,000 km (about 5,000 mi) long and affords some of the best scenery in Britain. The western coast is characterized by cliffs and rocky headlands, especially where the Highlands meet the sea in northwestern Scotland. On the more gentle southern and eastern coasts there are many sand or pebble beaches as well as tall limestone or chalk cliffs, the most famous of which are the White Cliffs of Dover in the southeast.

A few islands lie just off of Britainís coast. The Hebrides, an archipelago of about 500 islands, cover a considerable area along the coast of western Scotland; the isle of Anglesey lies just off the coast of northwestern Wales; and the Isle of Wight is off Englandís southern coast. Northern Ireland has a beautiful and rugged coastline and is the location of the famous and unique Giantís Causeway, an expansive and curious formation of rocks shaped like giant cylinders.

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chalk cliffs, White Cliffs of Dover, isle of Anglesey, best scenery, Hebrides, archipelago, Isle of Wight, harbors, Highlands, inlets, bays, islands, shelters, ancient times, Northern Ireland, boats, western coast, sand, ships, sea, location


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