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Ukraine, The People of Ukraine

population of Ukraine, Black Sea coast, Kharkiv, aerospace industries, death rates

The population of Ukraine was estimated in 2002 at 48,396,470, giving the country a population density of 80 persons per sq km (208 per sq mi). The most notable recent demographic trend has been a decline in population—with an estimated loss of nearly 1.2 million between 1990 and 1997—due to death rates exceeding birth rates. Leading factors in the country’s low fertility and high mortality rates are environmental pollution, poor diet, widespread smoking and alcoholism, and deteriorating medical care. Some 68 percent of the population lives in cities and towns. The largest cities in Ukraine are Kyiv, the country’s capital and economic, cultural, and educational center; Kharkiv, noted for its engineering expertise, machinery plants, and educational institutions; Dnipropetrovs’k, a center of metallurgical and aerospace industries; and Donets’k, known for mining and metallurgy. Odesa (Odessa), on the Black Sea coast, is the country’s largest seaport.

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population of Ukraine, Black Sea coast, Kharkiv, aerospace industries, death rates, largest cities, environmental pollution, birth rates, Odessa, Leading factors, Kyiv, population density, alcoholism, educational center, metallurgy, poor diet, decline, medical care, percent, educational institutions, mining, persons

 
 

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