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Ukraine, Government

Ukraine independence, early presidential election, parliamentary democracy, tumultuous time, Soviet republics

Although the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 brought Ukraine independence, the rigidly centralized Soviet structure of government remained. The first five years were a tumultuous time of trying to establish democratic institutions and traditions. Ukraine’s first direct presidential election was held in 1991. In 1994 an early presidential election took place, as well as elections to the legislature. Ukraine was the last of the former Soviet republics to adopt a new constitution. The delay was caused by a struggle in the legislature between reformers, who wanted to introduce a new, democratic system of government, and conservatives, who wanted to preserve the structures of the former Soviet state. The reformers finally triumphed in June 1996 when the legislature adopted a new constitution that stipulated a parliamentary democracy. All citizens aged 18 and over are eligible to vote.

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Article key phrases:

Ukraine independence, early presidential election, parliamentary democracy, tumultuous time, Soviet republics, Soviet state, democratic institutions, new constitution, reformers, Soviet Union, legislature, conservatives, elections, citizens, traditions, collapse, delay, struggle, structures, place, years

 
 

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