Land and Resources, Environmental Issues
marine dumping, UNECE, Nitrogen oxide, major export, hydroelectric power
One of the most serious environmental problems facing Norway is acid rain, a form of air pollution caused by industrial activity. Much of Norway’s acid rain stems from sulfur dioxide emissions originating mainly in the United Kingdom. Acid rain has damaged many of Norway’s forests and waterways. Because the country’s surface water and soils are especially susceptible to acidification, many Norwegian lakes can no longer support fish. This is a serious concern because fish are one of Norway’s primary food resources and a major export. Sulfur dioxide emissions have declined in much of Europe since the implementation of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Sulphur Protocols, beginning in the 1970s. However, high levels of sulfur dioxide from abroad continue to adversely affect Norway’s environment. Nitrogen oxide, the majority of which originates in other countries, has also become a cause of significant air pollution. Norway itself contributes relatively little air pollution to the atmosphere because it relies heavily on hydroelectric power, an environmentally clean energy source.
The Norwegian government has shown commitment to improving environmental health and conservation, and many of the nation’s most pristine lands are protected in parks and reserves. Norway is party to international treaties concerning air pollution, biodiversity, climate change, endangered species, hazardous wastes, marine dumping, ship pollution, and wetlands.
Article key phrases: