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Malta, History

feudal fief, Eastern Roman Empire, Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, kingdom of Sicily, Ottoman Empire

The many ancient monuments and remains on Malta attest to the great age of its civilization. Remains from Stone Age and Bronze Age peoples have been found in subterranean burial chambers near Ra?al ?did. The islands became a Phoenician colony about 1000 bc. In 736 bc they were occupied by the Greeks, who called the colony Melita, and later the islands passed successively into the possession of Carthage and Rome. At the division of the Roman Empire in ad 395, Malta was awarded to the Eastern Roman Empire. The islands were occupied by Arabs in 870. A Norman army conquered the Maltese Arabs in 1090, and Malta was later made a feudal fief of the kingdom of Sicily. In 1530 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V granted Malta to the Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem, who ruled the islands until the 19th century. After a famous and unsuccessful siege by the Ottoman Empire in 1565, the Knights fortified Valletta so strongly that it became one of the greatest Mediterranean strongholds.

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Article key phrases:

feudal fief, Eastern Roman Empire, Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, kingdom of Sicily, Ottoman Empire, great age, ancient monuments, Valletta, Stone Age, civilization, Greeks, Rome, islands, bc, century, division, ad

 
 

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