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Hungary, Government

Hungarian parliament, powerful leader, monopoly, HSP, Communist Party

Between 1948 and 1989 the Communists controlled all levels of government in Hungary, and the head of the Communist Party was the country’s most powerful leader. In the late 1980s public pressure forced the country’s leaders to accept the formation of opposition parties. In 1989 the Communist Party ended its monopoly on power, and renamed itself the Hungarian Socialist Party (HSP). Soon afterward, the Hungarian parliament revised the 1949 constitution to create a multiparty parliamentary democracy in which power is reserved for the people and exercised through their elected representatives.

Multiparty elections were held in 1990, and the Hungarian Democratic Forum, a non-Communist Party, won the majority of parliamentary seats. In subsequent elections held in 1994, the Hungarian Socialist Party (HSP) won control of parliament. In 1998 elections, the ruling party lost power again, as the center-right Fidesz-Hungarian Civic Party gained more seats than the HSP.

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Article key phrases:

Hungarian parliament, powerful leader, monopoly, HSP, Communist Party, Communists, ruling party, levels of government, elected representatives, constitution, Hungary, head, power, people


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