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Germany, People

Ruhr Valley, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, German population, Lower Saxony

As is the case in many industrialized countries, the German population has become substantially older on the average since the early 1900s. This is a result of declining birth rates and the shrinking of family size from the large families common in the early 20th century to an average size of 3.5 members per household in the late 1990s. In addition, the numbers of single-parent and one-person households are increasing.

The German population is overwhelmingly urban. In 1994 Germany had 39 cities with more than 200,000 residents, and 12 metropolises with more than 500,000 residents. Three of Germany’s federal states are city-states: Berlin, Bremen, and Hamburg. Berlin is the capital and largest city. Germany’s population density is highest in the northwest, especially in North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen), which includes Germany’s old industrial heartland, the Ruhr Valley, and a number of large cities. Population density is lower in the former East Germany and in the more rural states of Schleswig-Holstein, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and Bavaria.

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Ruhr Valley, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, German population, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, metropolises, East Germany, Bremen, city-states, Bavaria, industrialized countries, Hamburg, average size, Berlin, largest city, numbers of single, northwest, capital, century, parent, residents, case, addition, members


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