Land and Resources, Natural Resources
The Czech Republic has relatively few natural resources and is heavily dependent on imported energy and raw materials. Large deposits of lignite (a type of coal), the country’s main domestic source of energy, are found near the cities of Chomutov, Most, Karlovy Vary, Teplice, and Ceske Budejovice. Hard coal is found near Ostrava, Plzen, and Kladno. Sizable uranium deposits and smaller deposits of mercury, antimony, and tin are located in the Ore Mountains. There are also small amounts of lead and zinc ore in central Bohemia and iron ore near Prague. Some 34 percent of the country is forested. The Bohmerwald is an important source of lumber.
The soils of the Czech Republic vary by topography. Crops and orchards cover two-fifths of the land. About 8 percent of the country’s soil is of top quality.
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