Land and Resources, Environmental Issues
marine dumping, coastal pollution, Industrial air pollution, bird sanctuaries, Industrial pollution
Industrial pollution is the major cause of environmental problems in Croatia, as it is in the rest of eastern Europe. Air pollution is severe, and water pollution in the rivers is so serious that the water must be treated even for industrial use. There is coastal pollution due to industrial waste as well.
Croatia’s Sava River Valley contains three bird sanctuaries, two of which are part of the Lonjsko Polje Nature Park. The floodplain of the Sava River is extensive, resulting in wetlands that provide a habitat for numerous plant and animal species. These wetlands are at risk as a result of encroaching agriculture, drainage and land reclamation, and water pollution.
Croatia protects 6.7 percent (1997) of its total land area in parks and other reserves—a higher percentage than any of the country’s eastern European neighbors, yet much lower than many western European countries. Forests make up 32.6 percent (1995) of the country’s land area. Industrial air pollution from the cities causes acid rain that is damaging to the forests.
Croatia is party to treaties concerning air pollution, biodiversity, climate change, hazardous wastes, marine dumping, and wetlands.
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