Economy, Transportation and Communications
Nuevo Diario, Puerto Sandino, Puerto Cabezas, shortwave stations, Tribuna
Less than 13 percent of Nicaragua’s roads are paved. The paved roadways include part of the Pan-American Highway, which runs the length of the country from Honduras to Costa Rica. The road system, like much of the nation’s infrastructure, deteriorated during the conflicts and economic difficulties of the 1980s and 1990s. Most of Nicaragua’s railroad tracks are not in operation. The only international airport is in Managua. Limited domestic air service is provided by Aerolineas Nicaraguenses (Aeronica). Major ports are Corinto and Puerto Sandino on the Pacific and Bluefields and Puerto Cabezas on the Caribbean. In 1999 there were 3 passenger cars in use for every 1,000 Nicaraguans.
In 2000 Nicaragua had 31 telephone mainlines, 265 radio receivers, and 68 television sets for every 1,000 inhabitants. There are 45 AM radio stations, 3 shortwave stations, and 7 television stations. In Managua 4 daily newspapers—Barricada, Nuevo Diario, La Prensa, and Tribuna—are published. Internet service was established in the mid-1990s.
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