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People, Culture

Francisco Gavidia, Tazumal, Salvadoran culture, indigenous ways, century authors

Salvadoran culture reflects the native and European roots of the society, although following indigenous ways has been discouraged by the government since the 1930s. Archaeological ruins, including ancient Maya pyramids and dwellings at Tazumal and Cihuatan, highlight the heritage of indigenous peoples, while much of the colonial art and architecture reflects the Spanish influence. Religious and folk festivals are popular diversions for both large and small communities throughout the country, often featuring colorful folk dancing, more European than Native American.

Salvadoran authors have produced examples of fine poetry, literature, theater, and historical writing. Important 20th-century authors include Francisco Gavidia; novelist Salvador Salazar Arrue, whose work focused on rural life, Native American mythology and customs, and the clash of cultures in Salvadoran society; and poet and novelist Claribel Alegria, who has written on women’s struggles and the upheaval of the 1980s. In recent years the destructive civil war has limited cultural development, while North American culture has been a strong influence in music, cinema, and television.



Article key phrases:

Francisco Gavidia, Tazumal, Salvadoran culture, indigenous ways, century authors, colonial art, clash of cultures, Native American mythology, folk festivals, Spanish influence, rural life, small communities, cultural development, North American culture, cinema, dwellings, customs, theater, strong influence, architecture, music, society, country, literature, work

 
 

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