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Population, Social Problems

mulattoes, percent black, social mobility, Port-au-Prince, social cohesion

Haiti’s most serious social problems stem from the disproportionate distribution of wealth. However, although Haiti is 95 percent black, there are also racial divisions between the small mulatto elite and the larger black population. Since colonial times the mulattoes have functioned as the ruling class. Having more in common with the wealthy classes of other countries, the mulattoes identify very little with poor Haitians. Underdeveloped social, economic, and political institutions—chiefly education—mean that there are few mechanisms within the country to promote upward social mobility. Another problem preventing social cohesion is the physical isolation of rural communities. About 79 percent of Haitians have little contact with Port-au-Prince or other centers of cultural change.



Article key phrases:

mulattoes, percent black, social mobility, Port-au-Prince, social cohesion, ruling class, political institutions, colonial times, countries, mechanisms, country

 
 

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