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Dominican Republic, History

Arawak people, Treaty of Ryswick, Saint-Domingue, Spanish colonists, Black slaves

The aboriginal inhabitants of Hispaniola were Arawak people, engaged principally in farming and fishing. They eventually became extinct as a result of exploitation by Spanish colonists. Black slaves were later imported to take the place of the Arawak laborers. In time the Spanish migrated from Hispaniola to South America, and for about a century the island was sparsely populated. In 1697, by the Treaty of Ryswick, the portion of Hispaniola that had been occupied by French adventurers was formally ceded to France and became known as Saint-Domingue; it is now Haiti. The remaining Spanish section, what is now the Dominican Republic, was called Santo Domingo.

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Article key phrases:

Arawak people, Treaty of Ryswick, Saint-Domingue, Spanish colonists, Black slaves, Santo Domingo, Haiti, farming, Dominican Republic, South America, island, fishing, century, France, place, time

 
 

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