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Government, Political Parties

President Karimov, Birlik, legislative elections, Social Democratic Party, exile

Only two political parties were allowed to participate in the 1994-1995 elections to the Oliy Majlis: the ruling Peopleís Democratic Party (PDP, the successor to the Communist Party) and the Progress of the Fatherland Party, which was closely aligned with the PDP. After independence, the two leading opposition groups, Birlik (Unity) and Erk (Freedom) were banned, and their leaders went into exile abroad. Under pressure to demonstrate that Uzbekistan was allowing opposition to develop, President Karimov fostered the creation of two new parties, the Adolat (Justice) Social Democratic Party and the National Revival Democratic Party. Neither of these, however, is truly an opposition party, and neither openly criticizes the presidentís policies. No opposition party was allowed to field candidates in the legislative elections in 1999.



Article key phrases:

President Karimov, Birlik, legislative elections, Social Democratic Party, exile, opposition party, Communist Party, PDP, Erk, political parties, Unity, independence, successor, Justice, candidates, Uzbekistan, Freedom, creation, pressure, Progress, leaders

 
 

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