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Government, Judiciary

appellate jurisdiction, equal justice, royal decree, Thai people, constitutional issues

Thai citizens are guaranteed due process and equal justice under the law. At the top of the court system is the San Dika (Supreme Court), located in Bangkok. It serves as a court of final appeal in all civil, criminal, and bankruptcy cases. Below the San Dika is the San Uthon (Court of Appeal), which has appellate jurisdiction in all cases. Courts of first instance include magistrates’ courts, provincial courts, and courts with exclusive jurisdiction in Bangkok and its immediate environs. The 1997 constitution recognized, and increased the independence of, the judiciary. As part of the country’s reforms to enhance the rights and freedoms of the Thai people, a royal decree created the 15-member Constitutional Court in 1998. This court makes final and binding decisions in cases involving constitutional issues, and it may recommend amendments to the constitution.



Article key phrases:

appellate jurisdiction, equal justice, royal decree, Thai people, constitutional issues, bankruptcy cases, court system, Court of Appeal, exclusive jurisdiction, Supreme Court, freedoms, judiciary, amendments, independence, Bangkok, criminal, instance, law, process, rights

 
 

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