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Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), Land and Resources

Horton Plains, dry zone, Mannar, Trincomalee, Kalutara

An outstanding feature of the topography of Sri Lanka is a mountainous mass in the south central part of the country, the highest point of which is the peak of Pidurutalagala (2,524 m/ 8,281 ft). In the upland area are two plateaus, Nuwara Eliya and Horton Plains, which are major centers of commercial tea plantations. The plateaus are noted for their cool, healthful climate. North of the mountains, and extending south, is an arid and gently rolling plain known as the dry zone.

Rivers and streams that are broken by rapids are especially numerous in the mountainous south central region. The longest river is the Mahaweli Ganga, which empties into the Indian Ocean south of Trincomalee. Other rivers include the Kelani, the mouth of which is near Colombo; the Kalu, which reaches the sea near Kalutara on the southwestern coast; and the Aruvi Aru, which flows northwest across the dry zone to a point near Mannar.

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Horton Plains, dry zone, Mannar, Trincomalee, Kalutara, longest river, Nuwara Eliya, outstanding feature, plateaus, highest point, Indian Ocean, rapids, Rivers, mountains, sea, mouth, point, country

 
 

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