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History, Chun Doo Hwan

thwarted efforts, Masan, tense situation, International Olympic Committee, Summer Games

In 1979 demonstrations in the cities of Pusan and Masan were met with violent suppression. In the midst of this tense situation, Kim Jae Kyu, director of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (now known as the Agency for National Security Planning), assassinated Park on October 27, 1979, and plunged the country once more into traumatic political change. Premier Choi Kyu Hah succeeded Park as president, but General Chun Doo Hwan, head of the martial law investigating unit, emerged in a position of dominance. In December 1979 he ousted senior military officers, took control of the army, and subsequently thwarted efforts toward constitutional liberalization. In May 1980 leading opposition politicians were arrested and opposition demonstrations were suppressed with great violence. Chun then eased President Choi aside and secured his own election as president. A new constitution, providing for a single seven-year presidential term but also retaining many of the yushin-type control mechanisms, went into effect in April 1981, creating the Fourth Republic. President Chunís regime scored a diplomatic coup when the International Olympic Committee designated Seoul as the site for the 1988 Summer Games.



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thwarted efforts, Masan, tense situation, International Olympic Committee, Summer Games, martial law, new constitution, election, army, Seoul, midst, Republic, effect, head, director, country, unit, site

 
 

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