Government, Political Parties
Partido Para, provincial elections, LDP, PMP, PDR
Political parties in the Philippines are extensions of the key politicians who control them, rather than institutions focused on particular ideologies or political viewpoints. Political loyalties are given to individuals, and rarely to the parties. Politicians often switch party allegiances for personal gain or regional advantage.
Two opposing coalitions dominated the 2001 legislative and provincial elections: the People Power Coalition and the Puwersa ng Masa (Power of the Masses). The People Power Coalition of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo included the Lakas ng EDSA (Power of EDSA)-National Union of Christian Democrats (Lakas-NUCD), the Partido Para sa Demokratikong Reporma (PDR), and two small parties. In 2000 these parties had joined in what was known as the United Opposition against then-President Joseph Estrada, who was subsequently forced from office. To contest the 2001 elections, Estrada and his supporters formed an opposition coalition, the Puwersa ng Masa, comprising the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) and Estrada’s party, the Partido ng Masang Pilipino (PMP).
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