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Government, Executive

Kim Jong Il, constitutional amendment, executive power, presidency, head of state

Before Kim Il Sung’s death in 1994, executive power in North Korea was vested in a president, who was head of state, and a premier, who was technically head of government. The president was elected by the Supreme People’s Assembly for a four-year term. The president in turn appointed the members of the Central People’s Committee, the government’s highest policymaking body. The post of president has been vacant since the death of Kim Il Sung in 1994. Kim Il Sung had designated his son, Kim Jong Il, as his successor; however, Kim Jong Il did not assume the presidency. Under a 1998 constitutional amendment, the chair of the National Defense Commission, a post held by Kim Jong Il, was recognized as North Korea’s “highest office.”



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Kim Jong Il, constitutional amendment, executive power, presidency, head of state, successor, son, chair, members, turn

 
 

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