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Land and Resources, Climate

milder winters, flash floods, average daily temperature, southern regions, cold winters

The climate of Kazakhstan is extremely continental, with hot summers and cold winters. Temperatures vary immensely by region, with the most dramatic differences between the deserts and mountains. The southern regions have milder winters and hotter summers than the northern and central regions. The steppes experience especially harsh winters due to strong, cold winds from the north. Depending on the region, the average daily temperature in January ranges from -19 to -4 C (-2 to 25 F), while in July it ranges from 19 to 26 C (66 to 79 F). Extreme summer temperatures can reach 45 C (113 F), and extreme winter temperatures can fall below -45 C (-49 F). Annual precipitation levels are generally low, ranging from less than 100 mm (4 in) in the deserts to between 250 and 350 mm (10 and 14 in) on the steppes, where summer thunderstorms often produce flash floods. During winter, most of the country is covered in snow. In the mountains, where peaks are perpetually snow-capped, precipitation averages 1,500 mm (60 in) per year.



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milder winters, flash floods, average daily temperature, southern regions, cold winters, peaks, deserts, hot summers, mountains, snow, ranges, country, year

 
 

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