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History, The Heian Aristocracy

Honshu island, main islands of Japan, Hokkaido, barbarian, commanders

After the move to Heian-kyo, Yamato emperors expanded their rule over all of the main islands of Japan except Hokkaido. During the course of the 7th and 8th centuries Japanese settlers had pushed north as far as the modern city of Sendai on Honshu island. Beginning in the late 8th century, the court dispatched a series of military expeditions to northern Honshu to conquer the land still occupied by indigenous tribal groups, known collectively as Ezo (now called Ainu). The campaigns began to achieve success by the early 9th century, and their commanders were the first to receive the title of sei-i-tai shogun (“barbarian-conquering supreme general”), usually shortened to shogun. By the middle of the 9th century, the Ezo of northern Honshu had been largely subdued.

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Article key phrases:

Honshu island, main islands of Japan, Hokkaido, barbarian, commanders, rule, court, century, campaigns, course, middle, success, Ainu

 
 

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