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The Indira Gandhi Era, Janata Government

Jagjivan Ram, Morarji, opposition politicians, emergency provisions, Untouchables

Rather than postpone elections again, Gandhi sought a popular mandate in hopes of reenergizing her regime. Although she did not lift the emergency provisions, she did release most of the opposition politicians, who were soon joined by a major defector from the Congress, Jagjivan Ram, a leader among those formerly called Untouchables. Coming together as the Janata (People’s) Party, these leaders soundly defeated the Congress in the 1977 elections, thus bringing about the first ruling party change of the national government since India became independent. The Congress Party split, and the faction loyal to Gandhi was renamed Congress (I), for Indira. The Janata government, which was headed by Morarji R. Desai, a survivor of the Congress old guard, was divided and ineffective, and the government collapsed after two years in power.



Article key phrases:

Jagjivan Ram, Morarji, opposition politicians, emergency provisions, Untouchables, Indira, survivor, national government, Gandhi, elections, regime, hopes, India, power, leaders, years, Desai

 
 

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