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Early Civilizations, Indus Valley Civilization

Indus script, Indus civilization, Indus Valley civilization, Indus River, Gujarat

For almost 1,000 years, from around 2500 bc to around 1700 BC, a civilization flourished on the valley of the Indus River and its tributaries, extending as far to the northeast as Delhi and south to Gujarat. The Indus Valley civilization, India’s oldest known civilization, is famed for its complex culture and specialized artifacts. Its cities were carefully planned, with elaborate water-supply systems, sewage facilities, and centralized granaries. The cities had common settlement patterns and were built with standard sizes and weights of bricks, evidence that suggests a coherent civilization existed throughout the region. The people of the Indus civilization used copper and bronze, and they spun and wove cotton and wool. They also produced statues and other objects of considerable beauty, including many seals decorated with images of animals and, in a few cases, what appear to be priests. The seals are also decorated with a script known as the Indus script, a pictographic writing system that has not been deciphered. The Indus civilization is thought to have undergone a swift decline after 1800 bc, although the cause of the decline is still unknown; theories point to extreme climatic changes or natural disasters.



Article key phrases:

Indus script, Indus civilization, Indus Valley civilization, Indus River, Gujarat, tributaries, natural disasters, statues, priests, images of animals, seals, theories, wool, bronze, cotton, Delhi, northeast, copper, bc, standard sizes, cities, evidence, cause, region, cases, people, years

 
 

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