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Population Characteristics, Population Density

western China, fertile soils, high mountains, plateaus, figure

In 2002 China had an overall population density of 134 persons per sq km (348 per sq mi). However, this figure belies the extreme differences between population densities in different parts of the country. The vast majority of people live in the country’s historic heartland—the plateaus, plains, and basins of eastern China. The region’s alluvial floodplains, which have fertile soils and extensive water resources, have always been the most productive food-producing areas. This productivity is reflected in high population densities. In urban areas of eastern China, population densities can exceed more than 2,200 persons per sq km (5,800 per sq mi). By contrast, western China has high mountains and harsh weather conditions. This region is sparsely settled, and large areas have a population density of less than 10 persons per sq km (26 per sq mi).



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western China, fertile soils, high mountains, plateaus, figure, different parts, productivity, contrast, large areas, persons, vast majority of people

 
 

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