powerful person, state president, CCP, State Council, ruling party
The head of state in China is the president, who is elected to a five-year term by the National People’s Congress. The presidency is largely a ceremonial office. Executive powers rest with the State Council, which is headed by the premier. The premier is nominated by the president and elected by the NPC to a five-year term. The State Council includes about 40 heads of ministries and national-level commissions who are nominated by the premier and elected by the NPC to five-year terms. In general, however, the NPC elects candidates based on the wishes of the CCP.
Because the CCP wields so much control, the person with the greatest real power over China’s government is the party’s general secretary. The second most powerful person is the premier. The level of authority that an office commands relates very much to the personality of the individual holding the office. Often, although not necessarily, the CCP general secretary is also the state president, combining in one person the ceremonial prestige of the head of state and the policy-making powers of the head of the ruling party.
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