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Government, Judiciary

original jurisdiction, headmen, English common law, small claims cases, chief justice

Zimbabwe’s legal system is based on English common law (the body of law that developed in England beginning in the 12th century) and traditional Zimbabwean law. There is a Supreme Court, consisting of a chief justice and four judges of appeal. Below the Supreme Court is the High Court, consisting of 13 judges, which has original jurisdiction in major civil and criminal cases. Below the High Court are regional courts, magistrates courts, customary law courts, and local courts. These last two tiers are traditional Zimbabwean courts presided over by chiefs and headmen, which hear small claims cases and cases concerned with marriage and children. The executive branch appoints all judges.



Article key phrases:

original jurisdiction, headmen, English common law, small claims cases, chief justice, executive branch, local courts, High Court, Supreme Court, magistrates courts, chiefs, criminal cases, tiers, marriage, body of law, England, century, children

 
 

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