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Population, Education

Somali National University, Mogadishu, clans, literacy rate, compulsory

Before Somalia’s government collapsed in 1991 and fighting escalated among clans seeking control of the country, education was free and compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 14. The literacy rate increased from 5 percent of the adult population in the early 1970s to 24 percent in 1990 following an intensive government-sponsored literacy campaign. As a result of Somalia’s civil war, the educational system collapsed and most schools closed, including the Somali National University (1954-1991) in Mogadishu, which had an enrollment of about 4,600 prior to the war. In 1996 primary schools enrolled only 8 percent of school-aged children, and general secondary schools enrolled a mere 5 percent.



Article key phrases:

Somali National University, Mogadishu, clans, literacy rate, compulsory, educational system, fighting, primary schools, enrollment, adult population, ages, country, aged children, control

 
 

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