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Economy, Agriculture

tomato cultivation, important cash crop, active population, peanut oil, goats

Agriculture occupies 77 percent of the economically active population. However, only 12 percent of the land area is cultivated. Senegal is among the world’s largest producers of peanuts, which are grown in many areas, especially the northwest. The country produced 828,300 metric tons of peanuts in 2001. Peanuts and peanut oil provide a significant share of yearly export earnings, although their contribution declined from 29 percent of earnings in the early 1980s to 9 percent in 1993. The other important cash crop is cotton; in 2001 20,507 metric tons were produced. Attempts are being made to diversify agriculture, including the expansion of rice and tomato cultivation, to achieve self-sufficiency in food. Other crops included maize (634,400 metric tons), rice (217,500 metric tons), and sugarcane (889,000 metric tons). Livestock included 3 million cattle, 4.3 million sheep, 3.6 million goats, and 45 million poultry.



Article key phrases:

tomato cultivation, important cash crop, active population, peanut oil, goats, Senegal, maize, Livestock, sugarcane, sheep, northwest, self-sufficiency, poultry, cotton, land area, crops, contribution, Agriculture, cattle, Attempts, country, food, areas

 
 

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