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Independence, Transition to Democracy

Moshood Abiola, Abacha, Commonwealth of Nations, democratic elections, presidential elections

Major General Abdulsalam Abubakar succeeded Abacha as president and pledged to return Nigeria to civilian rule after holding free, democratic elections. Moshood Abiola, imprisoned since apparently winning the 1993 presidential election, was widely believed to be the frontrunner for the presidency. However, just before he was to be released from prison, Abiola also died suddenly. Abubakar promoted the establishment of political parties and freed political prisoners arrested by Abacha, including former president Olusegun Obasanjo. Nigeria held legislative and presidential elections in February and March 1999, and Obasanjo was elected president. The military administration handed over power to Nigeria’s new civilian government on May 29, and the country adopted a new constitution. The Commonwealth of Nations lifted its suspension of Nigeria’s membership to coincide with the resumption of civilian rule.



Article key phrases:

Moshood Abiola, Abacha, Commonwealth of Nations, democratic elections, presidential elections, frontrunner, new constitution, presidency, power, country

 
 

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