Nigerian Observer, General Sani Abacha, Nigerian Tribune, Nigerian languages, New Nigerian
The first newspaper was founded in Lagos in the 1830s. In 1996 Nigeria had about two dozen daily newspapers in English, plus one each in Hausa and Yoruba. The largest are the Daily Times (Lagos), Nigerian Tribune (Ibadan), New Nigerian (Kaduna), and Nigerian Observer (Benin City). Despite sporadic government censorship and partial government ownership of some newspapers, the press has remained relatively free and has often been outspoken in its criticism of the government. Attempts by the state to intimidate the press increased under General Sani Abacha, who ruled from 1993 to 1998.
The national government began broadcasting in 1957, when it established a chain of radio stations. As of the mid-1990s, there were more than 70 stations broadcasting in English and in several Nigerian languages. The country’s international service, Voice of Nigeria, broadcasts in several languages, while the government-owned Nigerian Television Authority operates from about 20 television stations.
In 2000 there were 4.3 telephone mainlines for every 1,000 people in Nigeria. About one-third of the telephones were in Lagos. Major cities in all parts of the country are linked by a system of domestic satellites, microwave towers, and coaxial cables; however, the telephone system is unreliable because of poor service and maintenance at the local level.
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