schools of higher education, Cadi Ayyad University, Tetouan, Oujda, Rabat
Schooling is compulsory in Morocco for children between the ages of 7 and 16. Some 87 percent of girls and 107 percent of boys attend primary school; only 40 percent of secondary-school-age Moroccans actually attend secondary school. Arabic is the main language of instruction, and French is also used in secondary schools. In 2001 it was estimated that 69 percent of the population was literate. In the 1998-1999 school year 3.5 million pupils attended primary schools; 1.5 million students were enrolled in secondary and vocational schools.
About 294,500 people were enrolled in schools of higher education in Morocco in the mid-1990s. Higher education of the traditional type is centered in Fes at Al Qarawiyin University, which was founded in ad 859. Modern higher education is offered at Mohammed V University (1957), at Rabat; Mohammed Ben Abdellah University (1974), at Fes; Cadi Ayyad University (1978), at Marrakech; Hassan II University (1976), at Casablanca; and Mohammed I University (1978), at Oujda. Rabat also has colleges of fine arts, public administration, agriculture, and economics, and the School of Native Arts and Crafts (1921) is in Tetouan.
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