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Economy, Energy

Akosombo Dam, Volta River, s Ghana, hydroelectric dam, hydroelectric plants

More than 90 percent of Ghanaian households burn wood or charcoal for cooking, but gas and electrical sources of energy are also available. Power generated by the Akosombo Dam on the Volta River is the country’s main source of electricity. The Akosombo Dam was completed in 1965, and a second hydroelectric dam was later constructed downstream, at Kpong. In 1999 Ghana generated 5.5 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity, virtually all in hydroelectric plants. Until the mid-1990s Ghana was a regular exporter of electricity, but low water levels in the Volta have periodically caused power shortages in the country. The country is investigating the use of thermal energy to augment its electricity generation. Petroleum is imported to power automobiles and generators.



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Akosombo Dam, Volta River, s Ghana, hydroelectric dam, hydroelectric plants, electricity generation, charcoal, low water levels, generators, Petroleum, cooking, gas, wood

 
 

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