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Government, Constitution

President Mobutu, President Kabila, presidential republic, constitutional commission, national referendum

The 1967 Congolese constitution established a presidential republic and gave sweeping powers to President Mobutu. The constitution was amended in August 1974 and revised again in February 1978. After significant opposition to Mobutuís one-party system, political reform was initiated in 1990. A national conference was convened to redraft the constitution, but Mobutu successfully blocked its progress. President Kabila, who suspended the constitution and ruled by decree, appointed a constitutional commission in late 1997 to write a new constitution. The commission completed a draft constitution in mid-1998, but it was never approved by a national referendum.



Article key phrases:

President Mobutu, President Kabila, presidential republic, constitutional commission, national referendum, draft constitution, political reform, new constitution, decree, national conference, progress

 
 

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