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Land and Resources, Environmental Issues

Population pressure, desertification, poaching, Potable water, dams

Population pressure and inadequate infrastructure have led to many environmental difficulties in Angola. Potable water is scarce, especially in the rural areas. Because food production has not kept pace with the country’s rapid population growth, much of the national food requirement is now imported. Poor agricultural practices have led to widespread soil erosion and desertification. Siltation of rivers and dams is a serious related problem. Deforestation, especially to supply the international tropical timber market, is rapidly decimating the limited tropical wet forests in the north and threatening biodiversity. A protected area system of parks and nature reserves exists but lacks funding. Only about 6.6 percent (1997) of the land is significantly protected, and logging, poaching, and agricultural encroachment are continuing threats.



Article key phrases:

Population pressure, desertification, poaching, Potable water, dams, nature reserves, Angola, pace, food production, rural areas, percent, land, funding, logging

 
 

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